Gingivitis or inflammation of the gums is expresses by redness, slight swelling and bleeding, smooth and shiny appearance of the gums, accompanied by bad breath in the mouth.
Another form of gingivitis is found in young people or pregnant women. Inflammation is expressed in the swelling of the gums, which become dark red and shiny. If you touch them, they hurt and bleed. The inflammation of the gums can become so painful that it can inflame the whole mouth and make the chewing intolerable. This crisis usually subsides quickly, but if you do not pay attention to it, it has a real chance to repeat and develop until the complete destruction of the dental apparatus.
An important reason for gingivitis is the lack of hygiene in the oral cavity, which allows the appearance of tartar. Originally tartar is dental plaque that is formed from saliva. This liquid layer, in which a large number of bacteria multiply, causes not only tooth decay, but also attacks the gums by enzymes and toxins that produces. If the plaque is not removed regularly, it thickens and turns into tartar, more stable and irritating.
The bad oral hygiene as a cause of inflammation of gums may be due to other factors. Poorly made crowns and bridges, bad location of the teeth can keep food and inflame the gums.
The inflammation of gums can be infectious in nature. If it is so, it accompanies influenza, tonsillitis, scarlet fever and others. It appears during the first days after the drop of the temperature and is expressed by gingival ulcers, accompanied by severe pain. Inflammation can be caused by intoxication after medication, because some antibiotics leave depositions to the plaque. In short, the condition of the gums reflects the general condition of the body.
The treatment of the inflammation of gums should include first quick response. If you notice even minor deviations from the norm like: bleeding during brushing, bad breath, changes in the color of the gums, you should go to the dentist. The first thing that your dentist will do is to remove the tartar. The removal of tartar is the first emergency measure because it gives quick relief. Sometimes the removal of tartar should be done several times because it often gets between the gum and the tooth root and the dentist must wait until the gum calms down. Dentists usually use the traditional tools such as very fine curette, with which they reach the corners and edges of the gums. They also use ultrasound machine, which crushes overlays without pain.
In fact, gingivitis is not always painful and may stay unnoticed for a long time. It can be determined as a chronic inflammation, which begins destroying the adhesion of the crown to the neck of the tooth. In this case we have reason to fear of the emergence of periodontitis.
To see what the symptoms of the inflamed gums are, please visit this link. To see what causes more serious damages like caries for example, click here.