Bleeding Gums And Their Care

Bleeding gums is a serious problem. It indicates the beginning of the destructive process involving the supporting tissue around the tooth or some serious underlying systemic problems.

Causes :

Plaque accumulation on teeth is the primary cause for poor gums. This plaque if not removed through regular brushing and dental appointments, will harden into what is known as tartar. Ultimately, this will lead to inflamed gums, a condition called gingivitis, increased bleeding and finally a more advanced form of gum and jawbone disease known as periodontitis.

Other causes of bleeding gums include :

Brushing too hard
Improper flossing
Infection, which can be either tooth or gum-related
Scurvy (Vitamin C deficiency)
Vitamin K deficiency
Hormonal changes during pregnancy
Leukaemia (Blood Cancer)
Ill-fitting dentures
Use of blood thinners

Home Care :

Visit the dentist at least once every 6 months for plaque removal. Follow your dentist’s home care instructions.
Brush teeth gently with a soft-bristle toothbrush after every meal. The dentist may recommend rinsing with salt water or hydrogen peroxide and water. Avoid using commercial, alcohol-containing mouthwashes, which aggravate the problem.
Floss teeth twice a day to keep plaque from building up.
Eliminate between-meal snacks and reduce carbohydrate intake to help prevent plaque build-up on teeth.
Use an oral irrigation device on the low setting to massage the gums.
Maintain a balanced, healthy diet.

Additional tips :

Avoid the use of tobacco, which aggravates bleeding gums.
Have poorly fitting dentures adjusted and relined by your dentist if they are causing sore spots in gums.
Avoid aspirin unless your physician has recommended that you take it.
Control gum bleeding by applying pressure directly on the gums with a gauze pad soaked in ice water.
If you have been diagnosed with a vitamin deficiency, take recommended vitamin supplements.
If side effects of medication are irritating, ask your doctor to adjust or substitute another medication. Never change your medication without consulting your doctor.

You should see your dentist if :

Your gums continue to bleed even after treatment
The bleeding is severe or chronic
Other unexplained symptoms are associated with the bleeding.

Smile Care  is a chain of dental clinics providing high quality dental care, dental treatment and dental services by specialised health care professionals in Bandra, Kolhapur, Nashik, Vashi, Mumbai, India.

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